Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog
Preparation Time
8 minutes

Cooking Time
20 minutes

Ingredients (serves 4)
2 tbs char siu sauce (Chinese barbeque sauce)
1/2 tsp sesame oil
1 tbs water
1 large BBQ chicken, cut into serving size pieces
2 tbs chopped fresh coriander
2 green onion, sliced on the diagonal

Preheat oven to 200°C. Mix together char siu sauce, sesame oil and water in a small bowl. Microwave on High for 30 seconds and stir until sauce is smooth and runny.

Place chicken pieces on a large, flat baking tray and brush with sauce to coat both sides. Bake for 5 minutes, baste chicken with more sauce and bake another 5 minutes. Repeat basting and bake for a further 10 minutes, until skin is crisp and sauce sticky.

Sprinkle with chopped coriander and green onion and serve with steamed jasmine rice.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog

Today I am officially starting my training with Emirates to become a Flight Attendant. Wish me luck!
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog
Ingredients (serves 4)
4 T-bone steaks
1/3 cup sweet chilli sauce
1 tablespoon fish sauce
1 tablespoon brown sugar
1/4 cup lime juice
3 Lebanese cucumbers
1 cup coriander leaves
1 1/3 cups jasmine rice, cooked, to serve

Place steaks into a ceramic dish. Combine sweet chilli sauce, fish sauce, sugar and 2 tablespoons of lime juice in a bowl. Pour over steaks. Turn to coat. Cover. Refrigerate for 15 minutes.

Meanwhile, using a potato peeler, peel cucumbers lengthways to form ribbons. Place into a bowl. Add coriander leaves and remaining 1 tablespoon of lime juice. Toss until well combined. Cover. Set aside.

Preheat a barbecue plate or frying pan on medium-high heat. Cook steaks, basting with marinade, for 4 minutes each side for medium or until cooked to your liking. Serve with rice and cucumber salad.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog
I've presceduled this post. So I guess I should already be in Dubai when this post goes up. This will officially be my first day in Dubai. I know that it is winter in Dubai at the moment, but it definately won't compare to the winter we have in Bloemfontein.

I'm going to miss the cold winters we have. I'm not really a fan of the heat, but I hear there are aircons in the buildings and our apartments. So that is definately a bonus.

Just to get the chills going when the heat gets too much in Dubai, I chose some amazing pictures of icebergs. Thanks to global warming we might not get the chance to see them in person. Enjoy!

Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog

I think I might miss the Bloemfontein winters, so in honour I collected quite a few pictures of some amazing icebergs. Enjoy!
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog

Bye Jaco, ek gaan jou mis! Ek wens dinge kon anders gewees het!
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog
I stumbled upon this remarkable article about the world’s oldest living woman. She passed away a while back. But it is absolutely fascinating...

Jeanne Louise Calment (21 February 1875 – 4 August 1997) was a French woman with the longest confirmed lifespan in history at age 122 years 164 days (44,724 days in total).

Calment was born in Arles and lived there for all of her life. Her father, Nicolas, was a shipbuilder, and her mother, Marguerite, was from a family of millers. Her close family members also lived to an advanced age: her older brother, François, lived to the age of 97, her father to 93, and her mother to 86. In 1896, at the age of 21, she married her second cousin (grandson of her great-uncle) Fernand Calment, a wealthy store owner. His wealth made it possible for Calment never to have to work; instead she led a relaxed lifestyle, pursuing hobbies like tennis, cycling, swimming, rollerskating, piano and opera.

Her husband died in 1942 after eating a dessert prepared with spoiled cherries. She had one daughter, Yvonne, who was born in 1898, and a grandson, Frédéric, born in 1926. She outlived her daughter, who died at age 36 in 1934 from pneumonia. Frédéric became a doctor, and Calment outlived him as well after he died in 1963 due to a motorcycle accident.

In 1965, aged 90, with no living heirs, Jeanne Calment signed a deal to sell her former apartment to lawyer André-François Raffray, on a contingency contract. Raffray, then aged 47, agreed to pay her a monthly sum of 2,500 francs until she died, an agreement sometimes called a "reverse mortgage". Raffray ended up paying Calment more than the equivalent of $180,000, which was more than double the apartment's value. After Raffray's death from cancer at the age of 77, in 1995, his widow continued the payments until Calment's death.

Calment's remarkable health presaged her later record. At age 85, she took up fencing, and at 100, she was still riding a bicycle. She gave up smoking only five years before her death. Jeanne lived on her own until shortly before her 110th birthday, when it was decided that she needed to be moved to a nursing home. However, Jeanne was still in good shape, and was able to walk until a fall at age 114 years and 11 months, which required surgery. She reportedly attributed her longevity and relatively youthful appearance for her age to olive oil, which she said she poured on all her food and rubbed onto her skin, as well as a diet of port wine, and nearly 2 pounds of chocolate eaten every week.

Let it never be said again that we are too old to start something new and neither that it is ever wrong to have another bite of chocolate. This truly is a fascinating story.

It’s also interesting to note that out of the top 10 oldest living people verified in the world, nine are women. The only male that was included is Shigechiyo Izumi and the legality of his claim could not be determined. He claimed that he was 120 years old, but it is more likely that he was only 105 years old. He also holds the record for the longest working career of 98 years. Which is a bit strange to me, considering he must have been 7 years old when he started working.

My only tip is to keep your birth certificate safe.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog
This list took me forever to get completed. There are only about 86 countries listed below, so somewhere I missed a few countries, so this post will definately be updated as soon as I know more.

The list also includes the airport codes, which I've been informed when are suppose to learn during training. I'll let you know how the memorization goes.

Abidjan (ABJ)
Accra (ACC)
Addis Ababa (ADD)
Ahmedabad (AMD)
Amman (AMM)
Athens (ATH)
Auckland (AKL)
Bahrain (BAH)
Bangalore (BLR)
Bangkok (BKK)
Beijing (PEK)
Beirut (BEY)
Birmingham (BHX)
Brisbane (BNE)
Cairo (CAI)
Cape Town (CPT)
Casablanca (CMN)
Chennai (MAA)
Cochin (COK)
Colombo (CMB)
Cristchurch (CHC)
Damascus (DAM)
Damman (DMM)
Dar Es Salaam (DAR)
Delhi (DEL)
Dhaka (DAC)
Doha (DOH)
Dubai (DXB)
Dusseldorf (DUS)
Entebbe (EBB)
Frankfurt (FRA)
Glasgow (GLA)
Guangzhou (CAN)
Hamburg (HAM)
Hong Kong (HKG)
Houston (IAH)
Hyderabad (HYD)
Islamabad (ISB)
Istanbul (IST)
Jakarta (CGK)
Jeddah (JED)
Johannesburg (JHB)
Karachi (KHI)
Khartoum (KRT)
Kolkata (CCU)
Kozhikode (CCJ)
Kuala Lumpur (KUL)
Kuwait City (KWI)
Lagos (LOS)
Lahore (LHE)
Larnaca (LCA)
London (LON)
Los Angeles (LAX)
Male (MLE)
Malta (MLA)
Manchester (MAN)
Manila (MNL)
Mauritius (MRU)
Melbourne (MEL)
Milan (MXP)
Moscow (DME)
Mumbai (BOM)
Munich (MUC)
Muscat (MCT)
Nagoya (NGO)
Nairobi (NBO)
New York (NYC)
Newcastle (NCL)
Nice (NCE)
Osaka (KIX)
Paris (CDG)
Perth (PER)
Peshawar (PEW)
Riyadh (RUH)
Rome (FCO)
San Francisco (SFO)
Sanaa (SAH)
Sao Paulo (GRU)
Seoul (ICN)
Seychelles (SEZ)
Shanghai (PVG)
Singapore (SIN)
Sydney (SYD)
Thiruvananthapuram (TRV)
Toronto (YYZ)
Tripoli (TIP)
Tunis (TUN)
Vienna (VCE)
Zurich (ZRH)
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog
Cooking Time
15 minutes

Ingredients (serves 4)
Olive oil spray
500g single chicken breast fillets, halved horizontally
4 lean bacon rashers, excess fat trimmed, cut into thirds
1 baby cos lettuce, leaves separated, washed, dried
3 vine-ripened tomatoes, thickly sliced
1/2 avocado, halved, stone removed, peeled, thinly sliced
80ml (1/3 cup) low-fat caesar salad dressing

Spray a large non-stick frying pan with olive oil spray to lightly grease. Heat over medium-high heat.

Season both sides of the chicken with salt and pepper. Add to the pan and cook for 3 minutes each side or until cooked through. Thickly slice the chicken across the grain.

Add the bacon to the pan and cook for 4 minutes or until crisp.

Divide the lettuce, tomato, avocado, chicken and bacon among serving bowls. Drizzle over the dressing.

Serve immediately.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog

I've mentioned before in some of my older posts, that we have a wonderful group called Weird Nature on Facebook.

In the slide show above are just a few of the pictures that are available on Weird Nature. The purpose of the group is to learn more about animals. Go and check them out.

I've managed to gather quite a few more slide shows of similar pictures. Personally this one is the worse of them all. So keep checking in for better and more amazing photo's.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog
Cooking Time
20 minutes

Ingredients (serves 6)
750ml (3 cups) vegetable oil
12 flour wonton wrappers
1 x 250g ctn mascarpone
100g spreadable cream cheese
1 tsp vanilla extract
6 ripe peaches, peeled, stones removed, each peach cut into 8 wedges
1 x 120g punnet raspberries, crushed
55g (1/4 cup, firmly packed) brown sugar
1 tsp ground cinnamon

Place the oil in a large saucepan. Heat to 190°C over high heat (when oil is ready a cube of bread will turn golden brown in 10 seconds). Add 3 wonton wrappers and cook for 1 minute or until golden. Transfer to a plate lined with paper towel. Repeat, in 3 more batches, with the remaining wonton wrappers, reheating oil between batches.

Place the mascarpone, cream cheese and vanilla in a bowl and stir with a wooden spoon until well combined.

Place a wonton wrapper on each plate. Top with a dollop of mascarpone mixture, half the peaches and half the crushed raspberries. Top with the remaining wonton wrappers, mascarpone mixture, peaches and crushed raspberries.

Combine the sugar and cinnamon in a bowl. Sprinkle wonton stacks with sugar mixture and serve immediately.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog

I’m back onto the wedding fever again. But I’ve got to be honest. I’ve added some nice pictures of wedding cakes for prospective brides. But who really still eats the wedding cake at the wedding? To all the weddings I’ve been to these last two years, I never once had wedding cake. There’s always the alternative of cupcakes or baked treats. So is it really worth paying the money for a cake that no one eats?

I know it’s traditional to take a picture when the bride cuts the cake. But as of late it’s not this wow moment anymore. Sometimes you just seem to notice the bride and groom standing near a wall cutting the cake, with the photographer. I honestly think the tradition is fading and its wiser to spend the wedding cake money on something else.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog

Preparation Time
5 - 25 minutes

Ingredients (serves 2)
1 x 300g pkt frozen mango pieces
1 1/2 tbs fresh lime juice
250ml (1 cup) fresh orange juice
60ml (1/4 cup) passionfruit pulp

Place the mango, lime juice and orange juice in the bowl of a food processor and process until the mixture is smooth.

Transfer the mango mixture to an airtight container. Place in the freezer for 20 minutes or until firm.

Use an ice-cream scoop to scoop the sorbet into serving glasses. Drizzle over the passionfruit to serve.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog
It's amazing that it's two weeks until I'll be in Dubai. I've waited for so long to get on that plane. Started counting and had to start again and now everything is in the works.

I'm having my going-away party next weekend. I'm not really one for the big parties, but it felt appropriate to have something to celebrate this milestone.

I'm a bit sad as well. Leaving my family and dogs behind. But hopefully I'll be very busy once I get there and not have much time to get home sick.

I'm starting my induction on the 25th and training on the 29th. So it's going to be a busy schedule from what I hear.

I've already said goodbye to Jaco and that's what I'm most upset about. Giving up a guy of my dreams to make another dream come true. I guess only time will tell if I made the right decision. All I know is he's the first person I'll phone once I set foot in South Africa again!!!

I wondered the other day if people ever braai in Dubai? I don't think I'll be able to last months without my 'tjoppie'. I guess I'm going to find out in two weeks.

The only hurdle I still have to get out of the way is writing my re-examination next week Thursday. I hate the fact that I got a re-examination for the first time ever. But I'm gonna suck it up and just get it over with. I'm going to start studying tomorrow morning if all goes well.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog
Flight attendants or cabin crew (historically known as stewards, air hosts/hostesses, or stewardesses) are members of an aircrew employed by airlines to ensure the safety and comfort of the passengers aboard commercial flights as well as on select business jet aircraft.

The first flight attendant, a steward, was reportedly a man on the German Zeppelin LZ1 Schwaben in 1911.

The primary and overriding responsibility of flight attendants is passenger safety. They are often tasked with the secondary function of seeing to the care and comfort of the passengers, insofar as this does not interfere with their safety responsibilities. They are often perceived by the flying public as waiting staff or servants because there is not a full understanding of the career, the majority of their regular and rare duties are safety related and are the priority above customer service.

The majority of a flight attendant's duties are safety related. Prior to each flight, flight attendants attend a safety briefing with the pilots & purser. During this briefing they go over safety and emergency checklists, the locations and amounts of emergency equipment and other features specific to that aircraft type. Boarding particulars are verified, such as special needs passengers, small children travelling as unaccompanied minors or VIP's. Weather conditions are discussed including anticipated turbulence. Prior to each flight a safety check is conducted to ensure all equipment such as life vests, flashlights and firefighting equipment are on board, in the right quantity, and in proper condition. Any unserviceable or missing items must be reported and rectified prior to takeoff. They must monitor the cabin for any unusual smells or situations and maintain certain precautions such as keeping doors disarmed or open during fueling on the ground. They assist with the loading of carry-on baggage, checking for weight, size and dangerous goods. They then must do a safety demonstration or monitor passengers as they watch a safety video demonstrating the safety features of the aircraft. They then must "secure the cabin" ensuring tray tables are stowed, seats are in their upright positions, armrests down and carry ons stowed correctly and seatbelts fastened prior to takeoff.

Flight attendants must conduct cabin checks every 20-30 minutes, especially during night flights to check on the passengers, and listen for any unusual noises or situations. Checks must also be done on the lavatory to ensure the smoke detector hasn't been deactivated, there are no issues with the equipment, nobody having trouble in there or smoking, and to restock supplies as needed. Regular cockpit checks must be done to ensure the pilot's health and safety. They must respond immediately to call lights dealing with special requests and smaller emergencies including a wide variety of in-flight emergencies that do happen from time to time and special requests. During turbulence crosschecks must be conducted and during severe turbulence all service equipment must also be stowed. Prior to landing all loose items, trays and garbage must be collected and secured along with service and galley equipment. All hot liquids must be disposed of. A final crosscheck must then be completed prior to landing. They must remain aware as the majority of mechanical emergencies occur during takeoff and landing. Upon landing, flight attendants must remain stationed at exits and monitor the airplane and cabin as passengers disembark the plane. They also assist any special needs passengers and small children off the airplane and escort children, while following the proper paperwork and ID process to escort them to the designated person picking them up.

Flight attendants are highly trained for a wide variety of emergencies and how to respond. More frequent situations may include a bleeding nose, illness, small injuries, intoxicated passengers, aggressive and anxiety stricken passengers. Emergency training includes rejected takeoffs, emergency landings, cardiac and in-flight medical situations, smoke in the cabin, fires, depressurization, onboard births and deaths, dangerous goods and spills in the cabin as well as land and water landings including the preparation of passengers and the cabin, the evacuation with slides or rafts and then the follow-up survival skills which include environments as open water, jungle, water, tropical and Arctic climates, along with a variety of emergency equipment.

Many regions mandate the presence of flight attendants on commercial aircraft, based on the passenger capacity of the aircraft and other factors. This mandate generally relates only to their function as safety technicians.

The main and always primary duty of a flight attendant is for safety but they do also provide a care giving and customer service role on board commercial flights. Customer service duties include the preparation and serving or selling of onboard food and beverage. Flight attendants also offer comfort items including blankets, pillows, hot towel service, handing out headsets, magazines, newspapers, amenity kits, games and on certain airlines hand out pajamas and set up and make the lie flat beds. They also distribute customs forms on international flights and assist passengers with their proper completion prior to landing.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog
In the Muslim world, marriage customs and traditions vary as much as the colors in a rainbow.
All retain the Islamic obligatory acts, which make a marriage valid and include other practices, which are individual to their surrounding cultures.

Here are customs from some parts of the Muslim world. Please note: not all Muslim marriage customs are necessarily in line with Islamic values.

As a tradition in the UAE, the setting of the wedding date marks the beginning of the bride's preparation for her wedding.

Although the groom is also put through a series of preparations, the bride's are more elaborate and time consuming.

She is lavished with all sorts of traditional oils and perfumes from head to toe. Traditionally, she is not seen for forty days by anyone except for family members as she rests at home in preparation for her wedding day.

During the week which precedes the wedding, traditional music, continuous singing and dancing take place, reflecting the joy shared by the bride and the groom's families.

Laylat Al Henna (literally, the night of the henna), which takes place a few days before, is very special night for the bride, since it is a ladies' night only.

On this night, the bride's hands and feet are decorated with henna. The back-to-back feasts and celebrations involve both men and women who usually celebrate separately.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog
As with many local customs around the world, Islam distinguishes the use of the right and left hands for a number of applications.

The left hand is primarily used for cleaning yourself, especially for cleaning the private parts after using the toilet.

The right hand is used for just about everything else - shaking hands, eating and picking up the Qur'an should only be done with the right hand - be sure to remember this!

If someone offers to shake your hand while it is dirty, don't offer to shake with your left. Simply tell them that your hand is dirty, and offer your right forearm for him / her to shake instead. Remember to only offer to shake hand with someone of the same gender as you.

With regards to writing, drawing, or any other activities, there is no preference between your left and right hands.

Always greet your fellow Muslims by saying "Assalamu Alaikum" (Peace be upon you). The proper reply to this is "Wa'laikum Salaam" (And upon you be peace).

Always say "Bismillah" (In the name of Allah) before starting to do anything, especially eating or travelling.

If you sneeze, say "Alhamdulillah" (All praises and thanks to Allah). If you hear someone else sneeze, say "Ya Harmuk Allah" (May Allah be merciful to you).

Last, but definitely not least, do not say anything that associates others with Allah or may be blasphemous - for example "Jesus Christ is God!". This particular sin is known as shirk, and it is the worst sin a Muslim can commit as it goes against the very essence of Islam.

For those who are married, showing your affection to your loved one in public can cause offence. Any kind of passionate contact, such as prolonged kissing or hugging, should definitely be avoided. Milder forms of affection, such as holding hands or putting your arms around each other whilst walking, are makruh (disliked, but not forbidden). In other words, a lot of discretion needs to be taken, especially if you are in a area where other Muslims are likely to be present (i.e. near a mosque).

Hope this information will give you valuable insight when you travel to Dubai or other Muslim countries.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog

Below are descriptions of each of the endangered animals that are shown in the pictures. If you move the cursor over the pictures, the name of the animal will appear at the bottom of the pictures. I hope that this might just make us a bit more aware of what we are all doing to the animals.

The Polar Bear is the world's largest land carnivore, threatened by global warming and the destruction of it's natural habitat. Projected numbers predict that the Polar Bear could be extinct within 30 years.

Native to Southeast Asia the Red Panda is classified as endangered due to a fragmentation of its natural habitats as well as being hunted for it's fur - in particular it's bushy tail.

As the largest feline species in the world the Tiger is at the top of it's game. A century ago there was thought to be over 100,000 individuals, however illegal poaching of their fur, bones and remaining body parts have reduced numbers down to just 2,500 in the wild.

The Nubian Ibex is a rocky dwelling goat antelope and found in the mountainous areas of the middle-east. Through loss of habitat, hunting and human disturbance the population is declining with an estimated count of 1,200 in 1986.

One of the more exotic turtles the Loggerhead was intensively hunted for meat, eggs and their fat. Although they are now an internationally protected species they still fall victim to fishing nets, hooks and speedboats.

Showing remarkable similarities to humans, through expression, emotion, culture and tool use it's easy to see how the chimpanzees are closely related to us. Their numbers continue to dwindle through deforestation, hunting for meat and exposure to war.

The smaller cousin of the Common Hippopotamus, the Pygmy Hippo's biggest threat is the loss of habitat- leaving less than 3,000 of these little guys in the wild.

As seen at your local pet shop. Yes, the humble Golden Hamster is close to extinction in the wild, counting them in the tens rather than the hundreds.

Possibly the most intelligent of all the crocodiles, the species has shown a number of unique qualities not seen in other crocs. Dwindling numbers from hunting and restricted habitat have made the Cuban Crocodile vulnerable to extinction.

One of the last remaining species of egg-laying mammals to walk on the earth, the Long-beaked Echidna is a precious example of how diverse life on the planet can be. Native to New Guinea, the species is threatened by hunting and human activities.

One of the largest remaining land animals in the world, the White Rhino is a critically endangered species. Poached for it's horn to the edge of extinction it's made an excellent recovery from the brink of extinction in recent years.

Once found in Egypt and Libya the habitat of the Kleinmann's Tortoise has all but been destroyed. Down to around 1,000 individuals, their situation is dire - if the loss of habitat doesn't get them then the illegal pet trade might.

Believed to be the largest animal that's ever lived, the Blue Whale can grow up to 33 metres in length and 181 metric tonnes in weight. Hunted in the first half of the century, the population reached an all time low in the 1960's plummeting to just 2000 individuals.

Your quintessential parrot. Only 120 individuals are left in the wild - indicating the future for the Blue-throated Macaw in it's native habitat is dire.

Native to central and south Asia, the Snow Leopard is a victim of the fur trade and although the population is slowly rising after an all-time low of just 1,000 individuals - the situation is still critical.

Found in the foothills of the Himalayas, the Golden Langur has long been considered sacred to the Himalayan people. With a population of about 10,000, it has a declining population that is set to continue.

First collected by Darwin himself, this canine is found on Chilo Island off the coast of Chile. Thought to be down to just 320 individuals, loss of habitat and infection of diseases are their biggest threats.

Once found plentiful on the American plains, this Bison was hunted almost to extinction in the 19th century. It was reported that up to 100,000 animals were killed each day at the height of the season.

Believed to be the first species to become extinct through global warming, the Golden Toad was only discovered in 1966.

The Red Squirrel has had a hard deal in the UK, it's population dropped through the 1970's and has continued to do so ever since. Alongside the fragmentaion of it's natural habitat, the pesky Grey Squirrel holds much of the blame to thier demise.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog
This is a post that I had a lot of fun putting together, since I had so much interest in it. When I told some of my friends that I was going to Dubai, they had no idea what the culture of live there would be like.

Being a woman activist myself, it was important to find out how women were treated in Dubai. As Dubai is a Muslim country, I found some very useful and interesting information on Wikipedia.com. There is also a slideshow included that just shows pictures of how the women use to dress in Dubai.

The complex relationship between women and Islam is defined by both Islamic texts and the history and culture of the Muslim world. Sharia (Islamic law) provides for differences between women's and men's roles, rights, and obligations. Muslim-majority countries give women varying degrees of rights with regards to marriage, divorce, civil rights, legal status, dress code, and education.

Even where these differences are acknowledged, scholars and other commentators vary as to whether they are just and whether they are a correct interpretation of religious imperatives. Conservatives argue that differences between men and women are due to different status and responsibilities, while liberal Muslims, Muslim feminists, and others argue in favor of more progressive interpretations.

Islam gives women the right to own, which entitles them to have personal possessions. While women have no financial obligations like men, some of their financial rights are less. Women's share of inheritance, as outlined in the Qur'an, is typically less than that of men, but in some cases, women get more, depending on their placement in the family, and the existence of other heirs. Women's right to work is also disputed.

A woman, when compared with her husband, is far less burdened with any claims on her possessions. Her possessions before marriage do not transfer to her husband and she is encouraged to keep her maiden name. She has no obligation to spend on her family out of such properties or out of her income after marriage. A woman also receives a mahr (dowry), which is given to her by her husband at the time of marriage. Women are not required to provide financial support for their family under Sharia Law. Men as with women also have the right to be supported financially by their families or State.

In Islam, women are entitled the right of inheritance, but often a woman's share of inheritance is less than that of a man's. In general circumstances, Islam allows females half the inheritance share available to males who have the same degree of relation to the deceased. This difference derives from men's obligation to financially aid his parents, wife, children, and sisters, while the women's share would be entirely at her own disposal.

Women are allowed to work in Islam, subject to certain conditions, and even recommended to do so should they be in financial need. This is supported by the Quranic example of two female shepherds. Islam recognizes that the society needs women to work for the sake of development.

In general, women's right to work is subject to certain conditions: The work should not require the woman to violate Islamic law (e.g., serving alcohol), and be mindful of the woman's safety. If the work requires the woman to leave her home, she must maintain her modesty. Her work should not affect more important commitments, such as those towards her family. Furthermore, it is the responsibility of the Muslim community to organize work for women, so that she can do so in a Muslim atmosphere, where her rights are respected.

The status of women's testimony in Islam is disputed. Some jurists have held that certain types of testimony by women will not be accepted. In other cases, the testimony of two women can equal that of one man ( although Quran says 2 women and 2 male are needed but if a male cannot find another male he may carry this testimony out himself). The reason for this disparity has been explained in various manners, including women's lack of intelligence, women's temperament and sphere of interest, and sparing women from the burden of testifying. In other areas, women's testimony may be accepted on an equal basis with men's.

Islamic criminal jurisprudence does not discriminate between genders in punishments for crimes. In case of sexual crimes such as zina (extramarital sex), for both men and women four witnesses are required to testify that they have seen the accused individuals having intercourse, in the eyes of the islamic law if the woman commits zina and as a result becomes pregnant she cannot be tried for zina if four witnesses are not available. The punishment for zina varies depending on the marital status of the guilty individuals. If they are single then both get a hundred lashes. If they are married the punishment is death, by stoning, or rajam. The difficulty of prosecuting rapists and the possibility of prosecution for women who allege rape has been of special interest to activists for Muslim women's rights. In the past decades there have been several high profile cases of pregnant women prosecuted for zina who claim to have been raped.
The overwhelming majority of Muslim scholars believe that there is no punishment for a woman coerced into having sex. According to a Sunni hadith, the punishment for committing rape is death, there is no sin on the victim, nor is there any worldly punishment ascribed to her. However, the stringent requirements for proof of rape under some interpretations of Islamic law, combined with cultural attitudes regarding rape in some parts of the Muslim world, result in few rape cases being reported; even the cases brought forward typically result in minimal punishment for offenders or severe punishment for victims. It can be difficult to seek punishment against rapists, because a zina case cannot be brought without four witnesses. Most scholars, however, treat rape instead as hiraba (disorder in the land), which does not require four witnesses. The form of punishment and interpretation of Islamic law in this case is highly dependent on the legislation of the nation in question, and/or of the judge.

According to law professor Noah Feldman in the New York Times, Islam "condemns the vigilante-style honor killings that still occur in some Middle Eastern countries." So-called honor killings (murders, nearly exclusively of women, of persons who are perceived as having brought dishonor to their families) are often identified with Islam. The hadith refer to a case where Mohammed sanctions the stoning of adulterous women. Honor killings are sanctioned in Iran's and Afghanistan's penal codes in which honor killing is legal or lightly punished. Honor killings are more common in Muslim-majority countries, though they occur in other countries as well. Many Muslim scholars and commentators say that honor killings are a cultural practice which is neither exclusive to, nor universal within, the Islamic world.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog
I felt like adding a bit of personality to the blog and decided to put up a few pictures that I had available on the work computer.

There's details added to the pictures! I've added a lot of pictures of our animals that we have. I'm going to have to leave my children behind. I guess I was feeling a bit nostalgic when I chose the pictures for the slide show.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog
I've put together a list of the books I read during 2008. Some of them were exceptionally good books. One of my new years resolutions is to top the amount of books I read in 2008.

1. Adele Geras – Made in Heaven
2. Andrea Young – No Gentleman
3. Bryce Courtenay – Brother Fish
4. Bryce Courtenay – Four Fires
5. Bryce courtenay – Persimmon Tree
6. Bryce Courtenay – Tommo and Hawk
7. Colleen McCullough – Angel
8. Colleen McCullough – On, Off
9. Danielle Steel – Sisters
10. Francine Rivers – Leota’s Garden
11. Francine Rivers – Redeeming Love
12. Francine Rivers – The Scarlet Thread
13. Heather Graham – Picture Me Dead
14. James Patterson – Sunday’s at Tiffany’s
15. Jodi Picoult – Change of Heart
16. Jodi Picoult – Perfect Match
17. Josephine Cox – The Beachcomber
18. Kate Furnivall – The Russian Concubine
19. Mari Roberts – Fasade van die Hart
20. Mary Alice Monroe – The Secrets we Keep
21. Meave Binchy – Quentins
22. Meave Binchy – Scarlet Feather
23. Meave Binchy – The Glass Lake
24. Santa Montefiore – The Swallow and the Hummingbird
25. Virginia Andrews – Gates of Paradise
26. Virginia Andrews – Web of Dreams
27. Wilbur Smith – The Quest

The only book that I would throw out of the collection, is definately James Patterson's book. It was more suitable for children who still believe in imagenary friends.
Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog

I've decided to start something new. Seeing how much I like thing to change, I decided to pick a colour for every month that I am overseas. I'm going to try to keep it going. I associate my feelings with the month, what colour I think it should be or the seasons we have in South Africa. You'll see a nice collection of the colours for the specific month. As I've mentioned before, I got the pictures from Getty Images, go to their site, there's some wonderful stuff there. So, with no further ado, January must be Yellow!