Danielle's Cabin Crew Blog

The Fishing Cat has changed category from Vulnerable to Endangered because of the severe decline throughout much of its Asian range over the last decade. It is a medium sized cat and a skilful swimmer, found mainly in wetland habitats such as swamps, oxbow lakes, reed beds, tidal creeks and mangrove areas. Over 45 per cent of protected wetlands in Southeast Asia are considered threatened, including those that are home to this species.

The Caspian Seal has moved from Vulnerable to Endangered. It occurs throughout the Caspian Sea, using the winter ice sheets as a surface on which to give birth and nurse pups. Its population has declined by 90 percent over the last 100 years due to unsustainable levels of commercial hunting, habitat degradation and pollution; it is still decreasing. Since 2005 the number of pups born has plummeted by a catastrophic 60 percent to just 6,000-7,000.

The Black-footed Ferret from North America is no longer Extinct in the Wild after a massive effort to reintroduce captive animals back to parts of its range. The species is highly dependent on prairie dogs as its food-source; the widespread extermination of prairie dogs throughout the 20th century, and the spread of disease, caused massive declines in the Black-footed Ferret population.

The African Elephant occurs in some 37 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, and are found in dense forest, open and closed savannah, grassland and, at considerably lower densities, even in the arid deserts of Namibia and Mali. Poaching for ivory and meat has traditionally been the major threat to the species. Across the continent, the total population is believed to have suffered a decline of approximately 25% between 1979 and 2007, which falls short of the 30% threshold required for a Vulnerable listing. As such, the African Elephant has been down-listed from the Vulnerable category to Near Threatened.

The Grey-Faced Sengi is a newly discovered species of elephant-shrew from Tanzania. The species is listed as Vulnerable because it is known from only two areas, which are prone to fires caused by drought and by humans from the expanding settlements nearby. It belongs to a group of mammals called Afrotheria that evolved in Africa over 100 million years ago and whose relatives include elephants, sea cows, and the Aardvark.

The Fergusson Island Striped Possum is found on only one of the D'Entrecasteaux Islands (Fergusson Island), Papua New Guinea. The species is not well known, but it is thought to be restricted to primary tropical moist forest areas between 600 and 1,000 m altitude. Its presumed restricted range and reliance on a habitat that is under threat from expanding agriculture has resulted in this possum being assessed as Endangered.

The Indri is an endangered primate from Madagascar. It is threatened by the ongoing loss of rainforest habitat to supply fuel and timber and to make way for slash-and-burn agriculture. Hunting of the Indri was considered taboo by many local people (and still is in some areas), but such beliefs are breaking down in many regions and hunting pressure (for skins, which were worn as clothing, and meat) is now quite significant in some areas. It is estimated that the population has declined by more than 50% over the last 36 years.

The Tasmanian Devil is now a threatened species, moving from Least Concern to Endangered. The size of a small dog and found only on the Australian island state of Tasmania, the devil is the largest carnivorous marsupial in the world. The global population of this species has declined by more than 60 percent over the last 10 years due to a fatal infectious cancer. Devil Facial Tumour Disease (DFTD), is spread amongst Tasmanian Devils through biting and from sharing the same food. Once infected, the animal develops tumours around the mouth, which interferes with feeding and eventually leads to death by starvation.

The Iberian Lynx has a total population of only 84–143 adults, restricted to areas of Spain and Portugal, qualifying the species as Critically Endangered. The continued decline in the Lynx's population is due in part to the severe depletion of its primary prey, the European Rabbit.

Pere David's Deer is Extinct in the Wild. Known in Chinese as Milu, their English name is derived from the French missionary Father Armand David. The last wild population is thought to have been eaten by troops during the Boxer Revolution at the turn of the 19th century.

The Mallee Emuwren is an Endangered Australian species that is undergoing a very rapid population decline.

Kirtland's Warbler is a species that currently is showing improvement in its Red List status. This species has very specific breeding habitat requirements, which restricts its breeding range to a small area in Michigan's Lower Peninsula, United States. Between 1961 and 1971, counts of singing male warblers declined by over 50%, and this prompted a suite of conservation measures to be put in place to stabilize the population.

The Slender-billed Vulture was once a common species, but in Southeast Asia it declined through the latter half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century; it is now listed as Critically Endangered.

The Cuban Crocodile is a freshwater crocodile renowned for its leaping ability, which allows it to prey on forest dwelling mammals. Relatively small in size, it is also thought to be one of the more intelligent crocodiles. It has changed status from Endangered to Critically Endangered because of population declines caused by illicit hunting. Its meat is used in restaurants and its skin for clothing.

The Radiated Tortoise is endemic to Madagascar and in 2008 its Red List status moved from Vulnerable to Critically Endangered. Historically this species has been quite abundant, often being found along roadways and has served as symbol of Madagascar's south.

The Ploughshare Tortoise was uplisted from Endangered to Critically Endangered in 2008. This species has a very small range, occurring only around Baly Bay in northwestern Madagascar. The total wild population is estimated at about 600 individuals and is declining

Holdridge's Toad is a rainforest amphibian species from Costa Rica that was declared Extinct in 2008.

The Black-eared Mantella occurs in several fragmented localities in east-central Madagascar covering a small area south of Fierenana.

The European Eel has suffered serious population declines and in 2008 it was declared a Critically Endangered species. Since the early 1980s, there has been a decline of 90% in the recruitment of juvenile eels, and in 2001 recruitment was only 1-2% of the pre-1980 level.

The Rameshwaram Parachute Spider is a species of Indian tarantula assessed for the first time in 2008 and listed as Critically Endangered. Found only on the island of Rameshwaram and nearby mainland, the spider occurs in an area less than 100 km2, of which perhaps 6 km2 are occupied by this species.

The Peacock Parachute Tarantula is a very rare, Critically Endangered spider known from a single location in the Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India.

The Purple Marsh Crab from upper Guinea, West Africa was almost completely unknown to science until recently. Despite a single specimen discovered in 1947, the first living crabs were only collected in 2005 from a small group living in holes in waterlogged farmland.

The Tree Hole Crab was originally known from a single specimen collected in Liberia in 1898, and was not collected again for 90 years until it was rediscovered in 1988.
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